文章摘要
郝 荣,安彩云,陈晓媛,张春燕,席如如.心脏超声在卵圆孔血流受限胎儿中的筛查分析[J].,2021,(8):1568-1571
心脏超声在卵圆孔血流受限胎儿中的筛查分析
The Screening Analysis of Cardiac Ultrasound in Foramen Ovale Blood Flow Restriction Fetus
投稿时间:2020-11-05  修订日期:2020-11-27
DOI:10.13241/j.cnki.pmb.2021.08.037
中文关键词: 心脏超声  卵圆孔血流受限  胎儿  心脏畸形  卵圆瓣
英文关键词: Echocardiography  Foramen ovale blood flow limitation  Fetus  Heart malformation  Oval valve
基金项目:陕西省科技厅一般项目(2020SF-237)
作者单位E-mail
郝 荣 西北妇女儿童医院医学超声中心 陕西 西安 710061 hr967076@163.com 
安彩云 陕西省延安市人民医院超声诊断科 陕西 延安 716000  
陈晓媛 西北妇女儿童医院医学超声中心 陕西 西安 710061  
张春燕 西北妇女儿童医院医学超声中心 陕西 西安 710061  
席如如 西北妇女儿童医院医学超声中心 陕西 西安 710061  
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中文摘要:
      摘要 目的:分析与探讨心脏超声在卵圆孔血流受限胎儿中的筛查价值。方法:2019年1月-2020年9月在本院进行产前心脏超声筛查的孕妇58例,都给予常规超声与组织多普勒成像,记录影像学特征并判断诊断价值。结果:58例胎儿判断为卵圆孔处血流受限18例,占比31.0 %。受限组的卵圆孔大小、卵圆瓣长度、继发隔长度都少于未受限组(P<0.05)。受限组的D-FOC值低于未受限组(P<0.05),Vm-PV、Vm-FOC值高于未受限组(P<0.05)。受限组的左心室E、A、E'、A'值都低于未受限组(P<0.05)。结论:心脏超声作为检出胎儿心脏畸形的有效手段,可通过观察胎儿卵圆孔血流频谱与形态来鉴别诊断卵圆孔血流受限,是孕期诊断卵圆孔血流受限的最有效方法之一。
英文摘要:
      ABSTRACT Objective: To analysis and explore the values of cardiac ultrasound in screening fetuses with restricted foramen blood flow. Methods: A total of 58 pregnant women, who underwent prenatal cardiac ultrasound screening in Northwest Women and Children's Hospital from January 2019 to September 2020, were given conventional ultrasound and tissue Doppler imaging. Their imaging characteristics were recorded and the diagnostic value was determined. Results: Among the 58 feti, there were 18 cases of restricted blood flow at the foramen ovale, accounting for 31.0 %. The size of the foramen ovale, the length of the oval valve, and the length of the secondary septum in the restricted group were less than those in the unrestricted group (P<0.05). The D-FOC value of the restricted group was lower than that of the unrestricted group (P<0.05), and the Vm-PV and Vm-FOC values were higher than those of the unrestricted group (P<0.05). The left ventricle E, A, E', A' values of the restricted group were lower than those of the unrestricted group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Cardiac ultrasound is an effective means to detect fetal heart malformations. It can be used to differentiate and diagnose foramen ovale blood flow limitation by observing the blood flow spectrum and morphology of the foramen ovale, which is one of the most effective methods to diagnose foramen ovale blood flow limitation during pregnancy.
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